Thousands rallied in Erbil, capital of Iraq's Kurdistan Region, on Sept. 13 in support of the upcoming historic referendum on independence. But one day earlier, Iraq's parliament passed a resolution rejecting the referendum, and demanding that Kurdish authorities "cancel" it. Kurdistan President Masoud Barzani retorted in kind: "I say clearly to the Iraqi parliament to reconsider your decision because the will of the people of Kurdistan will not be broken by you." A particular sticking point is the inclusion of Kirkuk in the vote scheduled for Sept. 25—not within the Kurdistan Regional Government's formal borders, but under its de facto control since Kurdish forces occupied the city with the collapse of the Iraqi army during the ISIS offensive of June 2014. The Iraqi parliament resolution made special note that the referendum is proceeding within "disputed territories, including Kirkuk."
Kirkuk's provincial council voted Aug. 29 for the oil-rich province to take part in the independence referendum. However, the vote was boycotted by the council's Turkmen and Arab members. In the vote, 22 of the 24 present councillors of the 41-member Kirkuk council voted in favor of holding the referendum. The provincial council consists of 26 Kurds, nine Turkmen and six Arabs. (Rudaw, Rudaw, Sept. 13; Jurist, Sept. 12; Al Jazeera, Aug. 29)